Three-month endurance training improves functional fitness for ESD

Three-month endurance training improves functional fitness.
Exercise During ESRD Works

Three-month endurance training was effective in patients with ESRD in improving both functional fitness and skeletal muscle properties.


Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have poor physical performance and reduced exercise capacity due to frequent haemodialysis treatments.


The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a three-month endurance training programme in patients with ESRD


The exercise programme described improves physical function significantly and can be integrated into a HD routine with a high long-term adherence.